TEFLIN Journal - A publication on the teaching and learning of English

Accredited “A” as a scientific journal under the decree of the Directorate General of Research Enhancement and Development, Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education, dated 23 May 2016, No: 36a/E/KPT/2016, effective for five years from 23 May 2016

The journal has been indexed in several international academic publication databases, e.g. DOAJ, EBSCO, Proquest, Google Scholar, and Indonesian Publication Index (IPI).

TEFLIN Journal is published twice a year in the months of January and July (ISSN 0215-773 X); harnessed around ELT, it publishes manuscripts within the fields of teaching English as a second or foreign language, English language teaching and learning, English language teachers' training and education, and English language and literary studies. 

Chief Editor: Utami Widiati

Associate Editors

Nur Hayati

Evi Eliyanah

Maria Hidayati

Nurenzia Yannuar

Flora Debora Floris

Junaidi Mistar

Zuliati Rohmah

Amreet Kaur Jageer Singh



Ali Saukah, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia

Anne Burns, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia

Arwijati Wahjudi Murdibjono, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia

Azadeh Nemati, Islamic Azad University, Iran

Emi Emilia, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia

Fuad Abdul Hamid, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia

A. Gumawang Jati, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia

Helena I. R. Agustien, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia

Jack C. RIchards, The University of Sydney, Australia

Jayakaran Mukundan, Putra University, Malaysia

Jerry G. Gebhard, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, USA

Lawrence Jun Zhang, The University of Auckland, New Zealand

Lies Amin Lestari, Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Indonesia

Ma. Luz C. Vilches, Ateneo de Manila University, Philippines

Margaret Gearon, Monash University, Australia

M. Adnan Latief, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia

Nenden Sri Lengkanawati, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia

Nur Mukminatien, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia

Siti Wachidah Djawad, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Indonesia

Suwarsih Madya,  Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Willy A. Renandya, National Institute of Education, Singapore

Yazid Basthomi, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia


Editor and Administration Address: TEFLIN Publication Division, c.o. English Department, Faculty of Letters, Universitas Negeri Malang (UM), Jalan Semarang 5, Malang 65145. Telephone: (0341) 551312 Ext. 237. Fax (0341) 567475. E-mail: <journal@teflin.org>


TEFLIN Journal invites articles that have never been published elsewhere. Please see Guidelines for Article Contributors on the  inside back cover of this journal, and the Checklist for Article Writers provided at the back pages of this issue.


TEFLIN Journal is published by TEFLIN (The Association for the Teaching of English as a Foreign Language in Indonesia), coordinated by TEFLIN Publication Division (Division Coordinator: Yazid Basthomi)

Cover design by Sigit Selandono

Vol 27, No 1 (2016)

Table of Contents


Sri Puji Astuti
Lottie L. Baker
Feng-Ru Chang
Yi-Ching Pan
Rojab Siti Rodliyah
Ribut Wahyudi