TEFLIN Journal


Accredited “A” as a scientific journal under the decree of the Directorate General of Research Enhancement and Development, Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education, dated 23 May 2016, No: 36a/E/KPT/2016, effective for five years from 23 May 2016

The journal has been indexed in several international academic publication databases, e.g. DOAJ, EBSCO, Proquest, Google Scholar, WorldCat, ERIC, and Indonesian Publication Index (IPI).

TEFLIN Journal is published twice a year in the months of January and July (ISSN 0215-773 X); harnessed around ELT, it publishes manuscripts within the fields of teaching English as a second or foreign language, English language teaching and learning, English language teachers' training and education, and English language and literary studies. 

Chief Editor: Utami Widiati

Managing Editor: Nur Hayati


Evi Eliyanah
Maria Hidayati
Nurenzia Yannuar
Flora Debora Floris
Junaidi Mistar
Zuliati Rohmah
Amreet Kaur Jageer Singh 

Associate Editors (Reviewers)

Ali Saukah, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia
Anne Burns, University of New South Wales, Australia
Azadeh Nemati, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Eun Sung Park, Sogang University, Seoul, Korea
Emi Emilia, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia
Francisca Maria Ivone, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia
Fuad Abdul Hamid, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia
A. Gumawang Jati, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia
Helena I. R. Agustien, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia
Hilda Cahyani, Politeknik Negeri Malang, Indonesia
Hu Guangwei, National Institute of Education, Singapore
Jack C. Richards, The University of Sydney, Australia
Jayakaran Mukundan, Putra University, Malaysia
Jerry G. Gebhard, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, USA
Joan Kang Shin, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, USA
Jonathan Newton, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand
Lawrence Jun Zhang, The University of Auckland, New Zealand
Le Van Canh, Vietnam National University, Hanoi, Vietnam
Lies Amin Lestari, Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Indonesia
Ma. Luz C. Vilches, Ateneo de Manila University, Philippines
Margaret Gearon, Monash University, Australia
Masaki Oda, Tamagawa University, Tokyo, Japan
M. Adnan Latief, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia
Nenden Sri Lengkanawati, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia
Nur Mukminatien, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia
Ruanni Tupas, National Institute of Education, Singapore
Siti Wachidah Djawad, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Indonesia
Stefanie Pillai, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Suwarsih Madya,  Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Willy A. Renandya, National Institute of Education, Singapore
Yazid Basthomi, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia


Editor and Administration Address: TEFLIN Publication Division, c.o. English Department, Faculty of Letters, Universitas Negeri Malang (UM), Jalan Semarang 5, Malang 65145. Telephone: (0341) 551312 Ext. 237. Fax (0341) 567475. E-mail: <journal@teflin.org>


TEFLIN Journal invites articles that have never been published elsewhere. Please see Guidelines for Article Contributors on the  inside back cover of this journal, and the Checklist for Article Writers provided at the back pages of this issue.


TEFLIN Journal is published by TEFLIN (The Association for the Teaching of English as a Foreign Language in Indonesia), coordinated by TEFLIN Publication Division (Division Coordinator: Yazid Basthomi)

Cover design by Sigit Selandono

Vol 28, No 1 (2017)

Table of Contents


Dwi Poedjiastutie, Rhonda Oliver
M. Ainur Rizqi
I. A. Mela Tustiawati
Fan (Gabriel) Fang
Anita Lie
Joseph Ernest Mambu
Firman Parlindungan